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解剖與生理學課程:心血管系統及淋巴系統
IFPA 相關

/ 2020/07/13

THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
心血管系統

 
THE BLOOD血液
 
The Student will be able to:
Describe the physical characteristics of whole blood描述全血的身體特徵
Explain the functions of whole blood解釋全血的功能
Describe the functions and composition of plasma and the cells it contains描述血漿及其所含細胞的功能和組成
Describe the mechanism of blood clotting描述凝血機制
Relate the process of agglutination to blood groups and the rhesus factor將凝血過程與血型和RH血型系統聯繫起來
Explain the importance of iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid解釋鐵、維他命B12和葉酸的重要性
Name & briefly describe common disorders/diseases of the blood including命名並簡要描述常見的血液疾病/病症,包括:

Anaemia/iron deficiency缺鐵性貧血、Haematoma血腫、Leukaemias白血病、Septicemia敗血症、Glandular fever 傳染性單核白血球增多症、Deep vein thrombosis and other clotting disorders靜脈血栓形成和其他凝血障礙

 
THE HEART心臟
 
The Student will be able to:

  • Describe the location, structure and function of the heart and label a simple diagram of it.
  • 描述心臟的位置,結構和功能,並標記一個簡單的示意圖
  • Describe the coverings of the heart and their functions描述心臟的覆蓋物及其功能
  • Describe the events of the cardiac cycle描述心臟週期事件
  • Describe the control of blood pressure描述血壓的控制
  • Describe briefly the conducting system of the heart. 簡要描述心臟的傳導系統
  • Define systole and dyastole and their relationship to blood pressure定義收縮壓和舒張壓及其與血壓的關係
  • Describe the cardiac/coronary circulation描述心臟/冠狀動脈循環
  • Name and briefly describe common diseases/disorders of the heart, including命名並簡要描述心臟的常見疾病/病症,包括:

Valve disorders瓣膜障礙:rheumatic fever風濕熱, congenital defects先天性缺陷
Arrhythmia心律失常:ventricular fibrillation心室顫動、atrial flutter心房撲動
Congestive heart failure心臟衰竭
Cardiomyopathy心肌症
Endocarditis心內膜炎
Atherosclerosis動脈粥狀硬化
Myocardial infarction心肌梗塞
Coronary artery disease冠狀動脈心臟病
Ischaemic heart disease缺血性心臟病

              

BLOOD VESSELS
血管

 
The Student will be able to:

  • Label a diagram of the principal arteries & veins of the body標註人體主要動脈和靜脈的圖表
  • Compare the structure and function of arteries, capillaries and veins and label a cross-section of each比較動脈,毛細血管和靜脈的結構和功能,並標記每個血管的橫截面
  • Explain the significance of vasoconstriction and dilation解釋血管收縮和擴張的意義
  • Explain the function of valves in major veins解釋主靜脈瓣膜的功能
  • Define systolic and dyastolic blood pressure定義收縮壓和舒張壓
  • Describe the factors governing blood pressure描述控制血壓的因素
  • Describe briefly the exchange of gases and nutrients at capillaries within the tissues簡要描述組織內毛細血管中氣體和養分的交換
  • Describe the pulmonary and systemic circulations描述肺循環和全身循環
  • Describe briefly the hepatic, pulmonary, portal, cerebral and coronary circulation簡要描述肝,肺,門靜脈,腦和冠狀動脈循環
  • Describe the effects of exercise, eating, heat, cold and stress on blood flow描述運動、飲食、熱、冷和壓力對血液流動的影響
  • Name & briefly describe common disorders/diseases of the blood vessels, including:命名並簡要描述常見的血管疾病/病症,包括:

-Arterial動脈:Hypotension低血壓、Hypertension高血壓、Arteriosclerosis動脈硬化、CVA (stroke)中風 、Reynauds syndrome雷諾氏現象、Intermittent claudication間歇性跛行
-Venous靜脈:Phlebitis靜脈炎、Haemorrhoids痔瘡、Varicose Veins靜脈曲張、Thrombosis靜脈栓塞

 
THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
淋巴系統

 
The Student will be able to:

  • Describe the functions of the lymphatic system描述淋巴系統的功能
  • Identify the main structures of the lymphatic system (tonsils, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes and vessels) 辨識淋巴系統的主要結構(扁桃體、脾臟、胸腺、淋巴結和血管)
  • Describe the structure of a lymph capillary and its relation to the blood capillaries描述淋巴管的結構及其與血管的關係
  • Explain the composition, circulation and functions of lymph解釋淋巴液的組成,循環和功能
  • Locate the major groups of lymph nodes and lymphatic tissue throughout the body and describe their structure在全身找到主要的淋巴結和淋巴組織群,並描述其結構
  • Describe the formation of lymph and the mechanisms responsible for lymph flow描述淋巴的形成和淋巴流動的機制
  • Describe the structure of a lymph node描述淋巴結的結構
  • Describe the role of the lymphatic system in the inflammatory process描述淋巴系統在發炎過程中的作用
  • Explain the role of the lymphatic system in fighting infection解釋淋巴系統在對抗感染中的作用
  • Name & describe briefly common disorders/diseases of the lymphatic system including簡述淋巴系統常見疾病/病症,包括:

Oedema浮腫、Enlarged Lymph Nodes淋巴結腫大、Hodgkin’s disease淋巴癌、Non-Hodgkin’s lymphatic disease非霍奇金氏淋巴瘤、Lymphoedema淋巴水腫、Tonsilitis扁桃體炎


關鍵字:循環,感染,淋巴,

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