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解剖與生理學課程:免疫系統與呼吸系統
IFPA 相關

/ 2020/07/13

THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
免疫系統

 
The Student will be able to:

  • Distinguish between specific immunity and non-specific defence mechanisms區分特異性免疫和非特異性防禦機制
  • Identify non-specific defence mechanisms such as skin, stomach acid, respiratory passageways and explain how they protect against infection識別皮膚,胃酸,呼吸道等非特異性防禦機制,並說明它們如何防止感染
  • Relate the physiological changes and clinical symptoms associated with inflammation to its role in the defence of the body.將與發炎相關的生理變化和臨床癥狀與其在身體防禦中的作用聯繫起來
  • Describe the process of phagocytosis描述吞噬作用的過程
  • Compare the types of T and B lymphocytes with respect to life cycle and function and identify other cells such as macrophages, that function in immune responses.比較T淋巴細胞和B淋巴細胞的生命週期和功能類型,並確定在免疫反應中起作用的其他細胞,例如巨噬細胞
  • Define the terms antigen and antibody and describe how antigens stimulate the immune response定義術語抗原和抗體,並描述抗原如何刺激免疫反應
  • Describe the mechanisms of antibody mediated immunity描述抗體調節免疫的機制
  • Describe the mechanisms of cell-mediated immunity, including the development of memory cells描述細胞介導免疫的機制,包括記憶細胞的發育
  • Define active and passive immunity/ define inborn immunity and compare it with naturally and artificially acquired immunity定義主動免疫和被動免疫/定義先天免疫並與自然獲得和人工獲得的免疫進行比較
  • Describe the allergic response both local and general描述局部和全身的過敏反應
  • Differentiate between the allergic response and sensitivity區分過敏反應和敏感性
  • Name & briefly describe common disorders/diseases of the immune system, including:命名並簡要描述免疫系統的常見疾病/病症,包括:

-Allergies過敏症
-Auto – immune diseases自體免疫疾病:eg. ankylosing spondilitis僵直性脊椎炎, colitis結腸炎, psoriasis牛皮癬, SLE紅斑狼瘡, RA類風濕關節炎, Graves
葛瑞夫茲病
-Immunodeficiency diseases免疫缺陷疾病 eg. AIDS艾滋病
-Immunosuppression免疫抑制
-Chronic fatigue syndrome慢性疲勞症候群

 
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
呼吸系統

 
The Student will be able to:
 

  • Identify the major structures of the respiratory system and their relative positions:Nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura, sinuses識別呼吸系統的主要結構及其相對位置:鼻、鼻腔、咽、會厭、喉、支氣管、細支氣管、肺泡、胸膜、鼻竇
  • Describe the structure and function of the lungs描述肺的結構和功能
  • Define and differentiate between pulmonary ventilation, external respiration and internal respiration定義和區分肺通氣,外部呼吸和內部呼吸
  • Describe the mechanism and regulation of breathing including internal and external respiration, inspiration, expiration and exchange of gases描述呼吸的機制和調節,包括內部和外部呼吸,吸氣,呼氣和氣體交換
  • Recognise the ways in which oxygen and carbon dioxide are transported in the blood識別氧氣和二氧化碳在血液中的運輸方式
  • Name & briefly describe common disorders/disease of the Respiratory system, including命名並簡要描述呼吸系統的常見疾病/病症,包括:

-Acute 急性:Tuberculosis結核病、Pleurisy胸膜炎、Bronchitis支氣管炎、Pneumonia肺炎、Seasonal rhinitis  (hayfever)花粉熱、Sinusitis鼻竇炎、Coryza (common cold)鼻炎(一般感冒)、Influenza流感、Laryngitis喉炎

-Chronic 慢性:Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)慢性阻塞性肺病、Asthma 氣喘、Lung cancer肺癌、Emphysema肺氣腫、Rhinitis鼻炎

 


關鍵字:免疫,呼吸,感冒,感染,淋巴,皮膚,

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